Obesity and associated factors in young adults attending tertiary institutions in south-eastern Nigeria

Patricia Ogechi Ukegbu, Ada Charity Uwaegbute, Chinyere Akudo Echendu, Chukwunonso Charles Ejike, Julie Uche Anyika-Elekeh, Victoria Uzoamaka Asumugha, Solomon Abasiekong Kuyik, Shola Omodamiro, Blessing Nwofia, Chinwe Uzokwe, Chidinma Oluchi Nliam, Nnenna Uwakwe

Abstract


Objective: To assess prevalence of overweight/obesity and associated factors in a group of university undergraduates in south-east Nigeria.

Design: Cross-sectional survey.

Setting: Five tertiary institutions in south-east Nigeria.
Methods: A total of 1610 undergraduates were selected using multistage sampling. A validated questionnaire on sociodemographic, dietary and lifestyle factors was used. Variables studied included body mass index (BMI), waist:hip ratio (WHR) and blood pressure (BP). Descriptive statistics and Chi square test were used for data analyses.

Results: Prevalence of obesity and overweight were 6.5% [4.2% males; 8.4% females (p < 0.05)] and 13.4% [8.4% males; 17.7% females (p < 0.05)], respectively. A higher prevalence of central obesity and abdominal obesity was found in the females (15.7% and 27.2%, respectively) compared to the males (1.1% and 2.4%, respectively) (p < 0.05). Consumption of unhealthy snack foods (X2 = 13.39), being a female (X2 = 47.91), first year student (X2 = 41.82), and having high systolic (X2 = 88.18) and diastolic (X2 = 10.17) BP were associated with obesity (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Prevalence of obesity was high in the studied population and, if left unchecked, portends deleterious consequences, especially with respect to the development of cardiovascular diseases.

(Full text available online at www.medpharm.tandfonline.com/ojcn)

South Afr J Clin Nutr 2017; DOI: 10.1080/16070658.2016.1259032

Keywords


Association, obesity, overweight; socio-demographic factors; young adults

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S Afr J Clin Nutr: ISSN (Print): 1607-0658, ISSN (Web): 2221-1268


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